Healthy gums are usually light pink, matte, in orange peel appearance, and have a firm consistency (not bleeding), ending up like a knife edge without thickening on the tooth surface. They do not bleed while brushing or eating.
Why do gum diseases occur?
Cigarette, stress, grinding or clenching, malnutrition, genetics, some medications, pregnancy and diabetes are some of the reasons.
Gum diseases are infectious diseases. Gingival diseases have only one main factor. Bacteria that are not removed from the mouth at least twice within 24 hours initiate the gum disease. It is a physiological process and is not possible to prevent.
Most of the periodontal diseases are chronic inflammatory diseases. If there is no acute abscess formation, they are asymptomatic. Periodontal diseases can remain in the mouth for years and can progress without any symptom and cause tooth loss. The only symptom is bleeding while brushing or spontaneously.
How are gum diseases diagnosed?
These diseases are usually chronic diseases and may not be noticed for a while. If your teeth are bleeding and you have tartars, gap between your teeth, if you have recession or have a bad taste and a bad smell in your mouth you should definitely see an expert.
Is there a relation between systemic diseases and gum diseases?
The development of heart diseases and periodontal diseases are similar, and both diseases occur more frequently in elderly people, in smokers, in individuals with low socio-cultural level and high stress. Studies have shown that people with oral infection have a 30% greater risk of heart attack compared to those without. The microorganisms causing the periodontal disease and the harmful substances they excrete play an important role in diabetes.
What are the reasons of gingival recession?
Bad Oral Hygiene,
Wrong Tooth Brushing,
What is tartar?
Tartar is a hard structure that results in the accumulation of bacterial plaque on the surface of the teeth. Scaling gives no harm to the gum and teeth. After scaling, bleeding in the gums and sensitivity may occur but it is normal.
How to prevent from tartar development?
In order to prevent or minimize tartar, it is essential for the teeth to be regularly brushed with a fluoride toothpaste and dental floss.
How are gum disease treatments done?
The first stage of the treatment is the cleaning of the dental plaque, which is the main effect of the disease, by using a brush, dental floss, and removing the tartar on the tooth by the dentist. This stage is the basis of periodontal operations.
What is gingival recession?
Gingival recession is the exposure in the roots of the teeth caused by a loss of gum tissue and retraction of the gingival margin from the crown of the teeth.
How is the damage that occurred on the tooth tissue treated?
The damaged area is treated with fillings or complete veneers. In this way, sensitivity also disappears.